Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on February 11, 1909, Joseph Leo Mankiewicz first worked for the movies as a translator of intertitles, employed by Paramount in Berlin, the UFAs American distributor at the time (1928). He became a dialoguist, then a screenwriter on numerous Paramount productions in Hollywood, most of them Jack Oakie vehicles. Still in his 20s, he produced first-class MGM films, including Filadelfijska opowiesc (1940). Having left Metro after a dispute with studio chief Louis B. Mayer over Judy Garland, he then worked for Darryl F. Zanuck at 20th Century-Fox, producing Klucze królestwa (1944), when Ernst Lubitschs illness first brought him to the directors chair for Dragonwyck (1946). Mankiewicz directed 20 films in a 26-year period, successfully attempted every kind of movie from Shakespeare adaptation to western, from urban sociological drama to musical, from epic film with thousands of extras to a two-character picture. List do trzech zon (1949) and Wszystko o Ewie (1950) brought him wide recognition along with two Academy Awards for each as a writer and a director, seven years after his elder brother Herman J. Mankiewicz won Best Screenplay for Obywatel Kane (1941). His more intimate films like Duch i pani Muir (1947), Bosonoga contessa (1954)--his only original screenplay--and Jak pszczoly do miodu (1967) are major artistic achievements as well, showing Mankiewicz as a witty dialoguist, a master in the use of flashback and a talented actors director (he favored English actors and had in Rex Harrison a kind of alter-ego on the screen).. Date of Birth, 11February 1909,Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, USA ,Date of Death, 5February 1993,Bedford, New York, USA (heart failure) ,Birth Name,Joseph Leo Mankiewicz,Height, 510(1.78m)
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